What Does a Microsoft Product Manager Do?

Updated on December 22nd, 2021
What Does a Microsoft Product Manager Do?

Landing a job as a Microsoft product manager is the dream of any aspiring product professional.

Today, Microsoft still remains one of the largest and most successful companies in the SaaS industry. According to the New York Times, Microsoft's revenue in September 2021 stood at $45.3B with a profit margin of as much as $20.5B.

Anyone aiming to sharpen their skills in product management with a gratifying work experience can look to Microsoft.

In this article, we will provide an overview of the responsibilities and tasks that Microsoft product managers assume while on the job. We will also take a look at the kind of background you need to be a Microsoft product manager as well as some pointers that will help you succeed in the role.

What is a Microsoft Product Manager?

A Microsoft product manager is someone who oversees, develops, advocates for, and advances Microsoft's product development processes from start to finish.

Product Management

Microsoft product managers provide guidance and support in all things related to Microsoft's products. Since Microsoft is such a large company, its product managers play an active role in developing multiple SaaS products for a variety of users and markets.

Given the sheer number of Microsoft products, a Microsoft product manager may be assigned to several SaaS products or they may work on only one at a given time.

Microsoft product managers are full-time professionals whose positions demand versatility and mastery over the following disciplines:

  • Research
  • Communication
  • Collaboration
  • Documentation
  • Management

Similar to traditional product managers, a Microsoft product manager doesn't only overlook the product creation process. Microsoft product managers also oversee the people and teams that are involved in the development process.

To discuss the responsibilities that these types of product managers cover, we will categorize them into four key branches:

  1. Market Research
  2.  Product Roadmap
  3. Management
  4. Post-Development

Let's take a closer look at each one.

Microsoft Product Manager Job Duties and Responsibilities

Here are some of the basic job duties and responsibilities for a Microsoft product manager:

1. Market Research

Microsoft product managers must dedicate time to conducting intense, in-depth market research.

Market Research Methodology

Despite its major success, Microsoft still operates within a competitive industry. The biggest software and technology providers work day and night to find new and innovative ways to grow their business and take over from Microsoft as a SaaS industry leader.

For that reason, Microsoft product managers need to carry out the relevant research needed to help Microsoft remain a step ahead of its competitors.

This entails conducting research related to Microsoft's competitors and each one's respective products. To do so, Microsoft product managers will assess the value proposition of each one of these products as well as their unique features and shortcomings. Product managers may leverage analytical tools such as a SWOT analysis to structure their approach towards their competitors.

SWOT Analysis

Credits: Research Gate


Once that is done, Microsoft product managers then use the information they've collected to refine their own product strategies. This can include putting plans in place to improve an existing Microsoft product or even plans to create and launch a new one.

In all cases, Microsoft product managers will carry out a number of research-related tasks.

One of the most common ones is conducting user interviews.

To do so, these product managers first construct buyer personas that reflect the dimensions of their respective target market.

Example of Buyer Persona

Credits: Hootsuite Blog


Microsoft product managers may also prepare and distribute surveys and questionnaires to their users to gain additional information where needed.

2. Product Roadmaps

Just like regular product managers, a Microsoft product manager has to develop and manage a product roadmap. These are high-level documents that seek to streamline the product design, development, and launch processes. Product roadmaps also serve to centralize the entire product team around a common overarching vision and goal for a given product.

Example of Product Roadmap

Credits: Roadmunk


In order to create a product roadmap, a Microsoft product manager must first create an effective product strategy that lays out all product objectives in a clear and concise way.

Product Strategy Framework

Once that is done, Microsoft product managers then come up with a timeframe that allows the product team to meet the objectives that have been laid out. This timeframe needs to be realistic. In most cases, given the complexities of Microsoft projects, product managers may assign timeframes to key milestones that aid the organization meet its own goals and objectives.

As indicated, a Microsoft product manager may have more than one product in their portfolio. Therefore, in such cases, they must create a product roadmap for each product they have been assigned.

3. Management

A major part of a Microsoft product manager's job is to create effective management processes. These processes serve to streamline the workflow for the entire product team.

This calls for generating standards that product teams and related departments can follow for better functioning.

This calls for:

  • Observing how current teams operate within the workplace.
  • Studying effective practices within similar departments in competitor companies.
  • Creating step-by-step guides on how to maximize effectiveness throughout the product's lifecycle.
  • Seeking approval from senior product managers or the rest of the management team to implement these process improvements.

Microsoft product managers will also have to put in place various programs and initiatives that promote team engagement and boost motivation while working on Microsoft products.

4. Post-Development

Once the product team has completed the design and development phases, a Microsoft product manager must then prepare for the product launch.

Go-to Market Strategy

On one hand, this will entail product testing and showcasing to the relevant members of senior management for their approval.

On the other hand, this also involves coming up with the right marketing strategy that will best position the Microsoft product within its intended market.

Granted, given the large size of the company, most Microsoft product managers will have the support of a junior product marketing professional. This can take the shape of either an associate product manager or a product marketing manager. In such cases, these professionals will assist the product manager in developing a marketing strategy that is best suited for the given Microsoft product.

However, in the absence of such a professional, Microsoft product managers will have to take on all of the responsibilities that come with those tasks.

If you're interested in learning the skills to become a great Microsoft Product Manager, then check out our product management certification courses.

Product Manager Certification


Microsoft Product Manager Qualifications

Product management is a field noted for the diverse background that its professionals have.

That said, there are some common qualifications that most product managers share. If you're looking at working with Microsoft, understanding these basic requirements will help you land a role as a product manager. Not only will it help you to understand the entry requirements, but it will also let you know how you can differentiate yourself from others.

Here are some of the most common qualifications for product managers at Microsoft:

  • Bachelor's degree in Business Administration (BBA).
  • Master's degree in Business Administration (MBA) in a relevant discipline such as Product Marketing or Business Management.
  • Advanced vocational diploma in Applied Business Management, Product Management, or Finance.
  • Degree plus extended internship within a Microsoft product team or as a junior product manager at a startup.

On top of the relevant qualifications, it's beneficial to have some working knowledge of product marketing or ownership.

What's more, having additional experience or knowledge of the technical aspect of product manage

How to Succeed as a Microsoft Product Manager

Managing products in the tech and cloud sector is not easy. However, it helps to know as much as you can about the product, the target market, and the capabilities to develop something that will make waves.

This approach will help set you on the right path as a product manager at a company such as Microsoft.

Here are some additional tips that will help you to succeed as a Microsoft product manager:

  • Build a Better User Experience: Microsoft product managers must always consider the pain points of the target market and deliver optimal solutions. This will take the form of creating a better user experience across the board.
  • Get an Online Certification: Online certifications have become a staple in product management when it comes to getting top-quality training. Look for a certification that you can apply in the workplace and use to advance your career.
  • Become Customer-Centric: Focusing more on the customer instead of the product. You will see that that will automatically help you develop, launch, and evolve products that are always a hit with the audience. Study and analyze the user while also conducting effective user interviews for invaluable insight.
  • Develop Better Communication Skills: Being a product manager means being the center point of all communication between teams in multiple locations. For that reason, you need to be an excellent communicator, especially if you work for Microsoft.

Framework for Communication Strategy

  • This company has offices and teams in Seattle, Redmond, Bellevue, and other places within the United States. You will need the right skills to unite people from all those locations under a single product vision.

Final Thoughts

Microsoft is one of the biggest tech companies in the world.

The opportunity to work for them as a product manager is a once-in-a-lifetime chance to learn how a mega tech brand achieves success.

If you do land that job, be sure to beef up on your product management, prioritization, and communication skills. Those will come in handy as you navigate the challenges of such an important role within one of the world's leading companies.

The better you are at showcasing your capabilities, the more likely your salary will go up throughout your time at Microsoft.

Don't forget to consider taking a Product Management Certification Program.

These kinds of programs will help prepare you for the responsibilities that come with being a Microsoft product manager.

That way, you'll feel and act prepared once you've been given the chance to show your capabilities as a professional.